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Education & Modern Work
New work concepts, digitalized workplaces, changing expectations of employees: The world of work is undergoing rapid change, placing high demands on politics, society and companies. But what does this mean in concrete terms? How can companies and educational institutions prepare for the change in order to take advantage of the transformation?

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Aus unseren Inhalten

Aus unseren Inhalten
Our offer for industry-relevant competence development

Our learning offers promote the individual technical professionalization as well as the development of new competences - with a view to the current and future requirements in the companies.

Still too few female engineers in mechanical and plant engineering

Change is needed in various areas of education and working life to attract more women to technical professions. The latest study by the VDMA's Impuls Foundation investigates exactly what is needed. For the first time, the study focuses on the link between studies, career entry and the first years of employment for female engineers.

FEMWORX at the Hannover Messe 2024

The 21st Career Congress for Women in Industry will take place on April 25 and 26, 2024 as part of the Hannover Messe. Under the new name "FEMWORX", Deutsche Messe AG is thus continuing the WoMenPower congresses of previous years.

"Location conditions are to blame for the shortage of skilled workers"

The statement by Fahimi, Chairwoman of the German Trade Union Confederation, is not correct. After all, it is not the working conditions that are causing the shortage of skilled workers. It is the location conditions.

Foreign assignments: Which employment law applies?

From a legal perspective, working abroad constitutes a so-called cross-border situation, which leads to a collision of different legal systems.

"Major adjustments must now be made"

Germany cannot afford a prolonged period of weak investment and growth. It now needs a major economic policy overhaul that will generate long-term confidence and thus new investment across the board.

Our self-image and your contact persons

We, the education department of the VDMA, support our members in all matters relating to the recruitment of junior staff, schools, training, studies and further education and serve as a bridge to education policy. Here you will find the right contact person for your topic and your question.

Short-time work on the rise - core workforce to be retained

On balance, employment in the mechanical and plant engineering sector increased again slightly in 2023, but the trend for 2024 is heading in a different direction. Far-reaching reforms to the labor market are now needed.

Training contracts: Text form planned instead of written form

On 7 February 2020, the Federal Cabinet passed the Vocational Training Validation and Digitization Act (BVaDiG).

VDMA surveys students on world of work

In a large survey of around 2,400 engineering students, VDMA investigates what image young people have of their studies, the world of work and the largest industries in Germany.

A fool with a tool - tools itself do not solve anything

Tools are helpful if they are suitable for the task and have been tried and tested in use. Unsuitable tools or their improper use often cause damage - both at the workbench and in organizations.

Trainee training: Virtual training program

Due to the authentic approach, many companies rely on their own trainees to reach pupils when recruiting young talent. The VDMA offers the right virtual training for your technical trainees.

Short-time work: Current brochure available

The brochure "Kurzarbeit und Kurzarbeitergeld" from the focus RECHT series has been updated and is now available in its 17th edition.

Job turbo for the integration of refugees - an overview

A job turbo is intended to improve the labor market integration of refugees. To this end, refugees are to attend appointments at the job center more frequently and be placed with companies even with limited language skills.

Form of providing information

Providing information in accordance with Art. 15 GDPR by unencrypted email violates GDPR.

Operationalizing strategic goals with OKR and Hoshin Kanri

How can strategy be operationalized? How can you develop corporate goals, break them down to individual teams and let them work in a results-oriented and self-responsible manner?

Advice centers for the employment of severely disabled persons

Since January 1, 2024, employers who do not reach the quota of severely disabled employees have been subject to higher rates of the compensatory levy.

"Reducing bureaucracy would be the best measure for more employment"

The mechanical engineering sector is desperately looking for workers. In order to increase employment, bureaucracy and regulations that hinder employment must be reduced. Improvements to the law on proof of employment and a relaxation of the law on fixed-term contracts are necessary.

Remote employment helps industrial SMEs

Well-trained specialists are in short supply. Opportunities to work with qualified personnel abroad are in demand. - especially in the IT sector. A new VDMA service is set to facilitate access to IT specialists from Ghana in the future.

Still no debureaucratization at labour law

The Federal Ministry of Justice has presented a draft bill for a law to reduce bureaucracy. The employment law part is disappointing with minimal changes to the Evidence Act.

"EU Bubble talks - 30 minutes insights from Brussels": Web seminar series launched

Attention Europe enthusiasts! With our new web seminar series "EU Bubble talks - 30 minutes insights from Brussels" we take a look behind the scenes of European politics and take you with us.

Differences in earnings between employees covered and not covered by collective agreements

A recent analysis by the German Economic Institute (IW) has examined the extent to which differences in earnings can be attributed to the employer's collective bargaining coverage or to other structural differences.

Changes in the labor market from 1 January 2024

At the beginning of 2024, a number of changes came into force in the area of the labor market. Further changes will follow in the course of the year.

Girls want MINT

The potential of girls in the STEM sector has not yet been sufficiently exploited.

Regulation for determining the child's illness by telephone

Parents can also receive medical certificates stating that they need to look after a sick child by telephone and without visiting a practice.

VDMA: Milking technology certification for service specialists

On December 12, the last audit of the training and further education for service specialists in milking technology took place at Lemmer Fullwood in Lohmar.

Sick leave by telephone permissible again

On December 7, 2023, the Federal Joint Committee (G-BA) defined the details for determining incapacity for work by telephone.

Receipt of a roster change

Do employees have to be available to receive roster changes during their free time?

VDMA awards young talent prizes for "Digitalization in Mechanical Engineering"

Student theses demonstrate the importance and diversity of digitalization opportunities in mechanical engineering

Facts and figures: Research and innovation

In our theme publication you will find facts and figures on research and development, innovations and patents in machinery and equipment manufacturing.

Facts and figures: Education and workforce in machinery and equipment manufacturing

In our theme publications, you will find facts, figures and data related to vocational training, engineering courses, skilled workers, mechanical engineers and women in machinery and equipment manufacturing.

Fourth Minimum Wage Adjustment Ordinance published

The Fourth Ordinance on the Adjustment of the Level of the Minimum Wage (Fourth Minimum Wage Adjustment Ordinance - MiLoV4) was published in the Federal Law Gazette on November 29, 2023.

Parental allowance: Changes planned

The draft of the Budget Financing Act provides for a reduction in the income threshold for receiving parental allowance.

Digitalization and leadership in purchasing

When it comes to recruiting personnel, Purchasing is not only in competition with other companies, but also with other functional areas within the company.

Core competencies of successful leadership communication

For leadership communication to be successful, the core competencies of listening, questioning and feedback should be taken into account - these were central components of the virtual workshop.

NRW mechanical engineering under pressure

NRW's mechanical and plant engineering sector is not only suffering from the effects of global challenges, but also from the implementation of EU regulations, excessive bureaucracy and a lack of planning security.

Shaping the future of mechanical and plant engineering

In 2024, new VDMA services will be launched together with delphai to facilitate entry into business development and provide sustainable support in handling information and data for market analyses and better decision-making.

Young talents around the world: Austria

Demographic change, a shortage of skilled workers, unfilled training positions - these are currently predominant issues in Germany when it comes to recruiting employees. But what is it like in other countries? We asked around locally.

A summit day full of highlights

From China to climate change and transformation through artificial intelligence: the first day of the Mechanical Engineering Summit featured one thematic highlight after another.

Bureaucratic frustration and a flood of regulations annoy companies

The ongoing flood of bureaucracy and new regulations is slowing down medium-sized industrial companies and hindering innovation and investment. The industry is skeptical about 2024 and is calling for serious political reforms.

Incapacity to work due to corona

Incapacity to work due to illness also possible in the case of asymptomatic corona infection

Right of initiative of the works council

The works council has a right of initiative for the organization of working time recording

An exemplary attitude

The wars in the Middle East and Ukraine also dominated the opening of the 14th German Mechanical Engineering Summit. VDMA President Karl Haeusgen and Vice-Chancellor Robert Habeck placed Germany's economic situation in the global political context.

Apprenticeship at a glance

How many apprenticeship positions are available in machinery and equipment manufacturing this year? How many applicants are there? How have supply and demand for the most important professions developed in recent years? Get all the information at a glance here.

Whistleblower Protection Act - important deadlines

Action is required for all companies with at least 50 employees

Salary Report China

Salary benchmarks for selected professional positions in Chinese mechanical engineering - exclusively for members

THINK BIG! - Live at bauma 2025

The 34th bauma, the world's leading trade fair for construction machinery, building material machines, mining machines, construction vehicles and construction equipment, will take place in Munich from the 7th of April to the 13th, 2025.

"40-hour week must become the rule again"

The political measures to solve the labor shortage are insufficient. A quick course correction is needed: longer working lives, raising the retirement age, increasing weekly working hours.

Works council compensation: Proposed regulations published

A commission of experts on the regulation of works council compensation has published its initial findings. According to the commission's proposals, Section 37 (4) of the Works Council Constitution Act (BetrVG) is to be revised and Section 78 of the Works Council Constitution Act (BetrVG) is to be supplemented.

VDMA BarCamp Skilled Workforce Retention on November 23, 2023 in Frankfurt/M.

On November 23, 2023, the free VDMA event will take place at Kap Europa, Osloer Straße 5, 60327 Frankfurt am Main from 10:00 am to 5:00 pm.

Our expert and focus topics

Our expert and focus topics
Female engineers
Mechanical and plant engineering opens up individual career paths and a wide range of opportunities for female engineers. The occupational field is characterized by innovation, sustainability and an exciting working environment. Women engineers can shape the future.
Mechanical engineering specialists
Shortage of skilled workers in mechanical and plant engineering. Learn all about challenges, solutions, trends and best practices to overcome the shortage of skilled workers.
Youth recruitment & school
In order to attract those leaving school to work in the mechanical engineering sector, traditional measures no longer suffice in many places. In the future, those who want to combat the shortage of specialist staff will resort to a clever combination of cooperative school programs along with traditional offline and online measures. On this page you will find useful information, ideas, studies and downloads on this topic. You can also find out here how you as a member can benefit from VDMA offers.
Engineering education for the mechanical engineering sector
For many employees, working in a home office is a completely new situation that has caught them very unprepared due to the pandemic. This raises a host of practical and legal issues.
Made ING Germany
Digitization is the buzzword of today. Innovation has been a hot topic for a long time, and Industrie 4.0 is accepted as a standard. In order to breathe life into these concepts, clever minds and adequate training concepts are needed.
Securing skilled workers
Almost 60 percent of employees in the mechanical and plant engineering sector are skilled workers. Alongside engineers, they shape the role of mechanical and plant engineering as a decisive enabler for green technologies.
Skilled Workers for Africa
Africa is a continent of opportunities. In order to take advantage of them, qualified local specialists are particularly in demand. They are the engine for the development and diversification of the economy.
Organization and Culture
Both organisation and culture are what make up the company "inside". Both have far-reaching effects on the outside, on customers and their needs and on other external partners. Thus, both are a question of successful cooperation inside and outside.
Culture of innovation
Increasing the ability to innovate in times of digitalization and "VUCA" has been in the spotlight of companies in our industry for several years. Especially following a crisis, it is crucial to be ready and prepared with the right business models as well as suitable systems and structures, and to break away from old habits. The culture of innovation is an important basis and prerequisite for all efforts. If you want hard successes, you should start soft.
Home Office
For many employees, working in a home office is a completely new situation that has caught them very unprepared due to the pandemic. This raises a host of practical and legal issues.
Personnel Marketing & Recruitment
The shortage of skilled workers has arrived in the present. The labour market has turned and companies are receiving a decreasing number of applications. Demography, digitalisation, democratisation and decentralisation pose major challenges for the economy. Personnel recruitment must now take new paths.
Labor law
Whether it be short-time work, service contracts, working shifts or home office, the parameters for modern work and flexible crisis measures are changing continuously.
Labor Market
Competitiveness, growth and job security require adaptability, value creation based on the division of labour and a flexible labour market. Digitalisation requires modern framework conditions for Work 4.0.
Technological Sovereignty
Technological sovereignty as a goal is gaining importance regarding the changed geopolitical situation. International division of labor and global trade are our drivers of prosperity and are existential, especially for the mechanical engineering sector.

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To the point

To the point

Auf den Punkt Zitat Education & Modern Work

"The term 'agility' opens up a whole world that is worth discovering for teams and companies."

Judith Armbruster, Project Manager & Agile Coach

Auf den Punkt Zahl Education & Modern Work


billion euros

was spent on research and development in the mechanical engineering sector in 2022.

Source: survey Stifterverband

Auf den Punkt Zusammenfassung Bildung & modernes Arbeiten

What are agile methods and approaches useful for?
  • Agile methods are designed for complex tasks with changing conditions.
  • Agility should specifically target concrete problems and not be an end in itself.
  • Understanding of agile competencies: Perception, Decision, Implementation.
  • Agile methods require a new leadership understanding, more team self-responsibility.
  • Introduction of agile structures, such as Scrum, changes the leadership structure with product and process decision-makers alongside the existing hierarchy.



Mon. 22.04.24 Fri. 26.04.24

  • Digitalization & Industrie 4.0

Experience the technologies that our industry is using to drive the digital transformation and decarbonization at Hannover Messe 2024! Over 4,000 companies will present pioneering solutions from mechanical and plant engineering, the electrical and digital industries and the energy sector. Numerous dialog formats with representatives from politics, industry, science, media and society will present and discuss challenges and solutions for the intelligent and carbon-neutral production of tomorrow.

Places available

Mon. 18.03.24 Tue. 19.03.24

  • Green Transition

Bright ideas for navigating geopolitical challenges and the green transformation.

Places available

Unsere Leistungen

Unsere Leistungen
Working Group HR
The central working HR group takes up current topics in HR work and makes them transferable for the practice of our members.


VDMA salary study
How much do development engineers and IT specialists earn in a medium-sized company? The VDMA salary study clarifies the situation and provides indications for company-specific salary benchmarking.
Fit for the future - advanced training courses at the Institute for Mechanical Engineering
Being the VDMA's training academy, we support you in developing new competencies. Contact us - we will gladly advise you!
Personal consultation on all aspects of labor law
The VDMA Legal Department provides its members with a continually updated overview of the decisions and legal developments relevant to businesses and HR managers.
Guide to action for recruiting young talent
Companies today need to recruit young apprentices at an early stage. The new VDMA "Handlungsleitfaden Nachwuchswerbung" (Guide to action for recruiting young talent) demonstrates how this is possible.
Studies & Surveys
The VDMA regularly publishes studies and surveys on engineering studies and derives suitable positions and statements from them.
Talent machine - the young talent portal for the mechanical engineering industry
Portal with news, info, internship job exchange and Best Practices for educational and personnel managers
Our services for members, universities & the media
VDMA maintains a diverse range of services and advice for its member companies, but also for universities and media representatives in the field of science policy and engineering studies. Here is an overview of our services for these three groups.


Facts and figures: Education and workforce in mechanical engineering
In our theme publications, you will find facts, figures and data related to vocational training, engineering courses, skilled workers, mechanical engineers and women in mechanical engineering.
Fit for the future - advanced training courses at the Institute for Mechanical Engineering
Being the VDMA's training academy, we support you in developing new competencies. Contact us - we will gladly advise you!



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Benefits for you as a member

Largest industry network in Europe

3,600 primarily medium-sized member companies in the capital goods industry make the VDMA the largest industrial association in Europe and the most important network organization in the industry.

Strong representation of interests

The VDMA is the most important voice of the machinery and equipment manufacturing industry. It represents the common economic, technical and scientific interests of the industry in Germany and around the world.

A wide range of services

More than 500 VDMA employees worldwide support you with practical services to make the right decisions in your company - along the entire value chain.