Header-Märkte und Konjunktur

Markets & Economy
How is mechanical engineering developing in the age of global value chains? Where do your competitors come from? What support is available for market development? What regulations must be observed when exporting? What needs to be considered when deploying employees and regarding visas for foreign guests? Together we will find answers to your questions.


Asset Publisher

From our Articles
Market information free of charge

Germany Trade and Invest (GTAI) researches information worldwide, including those for the mechanical engineering sector. With the GTAI e-mail alert service on demand, you are always up to date. VDMA-members get GTAI-information free of charge.

We guide you through the data jungle

The Economics and Statistics department provides you with all industry-relevant economic and market information. Benefit from our expertise and use our statistics as a basis for smart business decisions.

Successful abroad - Export topics

VDMA Foreign Trade supports you in all aspects of your export business. We provide you with up-to-date and easy-to-understand information on topics relevant to mechanical engineering.

German Pavilion at NEFTEGAZ Moscow 2022

The leading trade fair for the gas and oil industry in Russia will take place for the 22nd time from 18 to 21 April 2022. Registration deadline for the German Pavilion is 13 January 2022.

Breaking the deadlock on EU trade agreements

The deadlock in EU trade agreements urgently needs to be broken. That is why the heads of state and government are sending the right signal at the EU summit by discussing the difficulties of trade negotiations.

Brazil - VDMA proposes bilateral exchange on fitters' visas

At the 48th German-Brazilian Economic Commission on 19 October 2021, the VDMA was able to present the concerns of the mechanical engineering industry.

Exports show double-digit growth until August

The USA is the main trading partner for Hessen's mechanical engineering companies, but imports from China are also showing double-digit growth.

President Biden: Investing in Economic Growth

Six-percent economic growth. Six trillion dollars in rescue funds. The U.S. government prepares the path for an economic rebound. This means good news for the German manufacturing sector.

Helpful market information from the GTAI

The German government is conducting a survey to analyse the impact of subsidies and the foreign trade promotion they make possible, as well as the prospects for further development.

Trade Policy with Europe under the Biden Administration

Reshaping transatlantic trade relations, lifting tariffs and trade barriers: major progress was made at the first summit between the US and the European Union under US President Joe Biden.

Full order books in eastern German mechanical engineering

The eastern German mechanical engineering sector continued its recovery in the third quarter of 2021. However, scarce materials are increasingly putting the brakes on production.

Ambitious EU targets must leave room for innovation

The EU Commission's work programme for 2022 underlines the strong creative will of the EU executive. It wants to advance the green and digital transformation in Europe, and rightly so. However, it is crucial that the EU Commission leaves entrepreneurs enough room for innovation.

Biden's Approach to Global Affairs: Old Values, New Tools

America's 46th President Joe Biden offers Europe the chance to reset relations with the United States. In an VDMA-interview, Peter Rashish of the American Institute of Contemporary German Studies (AICGS) assesses, among other things, the effects of the return to shared values on European-American trade policy as well as the geopolitical conflict between the United States and China and its impact on Germany and the European Union.

Machinery exports in August: Further strong growth in UK, USA and India

In August 2021, machinery exports from Germany exceeded their prior-year level by 14.9 percent.

Process Engineering: Order Intake & Sales August 2021

For the period January to August, new orders in Process Engineering are up year on year for the first time in 2021.

CHEMTECH 2022 - Federal Participation & European Pavilion

Due to the pandemic, India's leading chemical engineering exhibition has been postponed as a presence event from 2021 to 22 - 25.02.2022. After ACHEMA and besides KHIMIA in Moscow, ChemTECH in Mumbai is now the only major pure chemical engineering fair abroad that is attended by a significant number of German and international companies.

AM industry: Optimism unbroken

"In the additive manufacturing industry, people are looking ahead with a good dose of optimism. This is evidenced by our current economic survey." This is how Dr. Markus Heering, Managing Director of the Additive Manufacturing Working Group (AG AM) in the VDMA, summarizes the results of the current survey.

Board discusses economy, federal policy, entrepreneur tour

Scarce and expensive: The enormous supply difficulties and price increases for material also influenced the board meeting. The look behind the scenes of federal politics was also informative.

Hermes counter-guarantee against financing bottlenecks

The state Hermes cover also helps with "working capital", namely advance payment and contract guarantees for exports.

NuV: Machinery production in the 1st half of 2021 is on the rise

In the first half of the year, production in the specialist sector of food processing and packaging machinery grew by 5 percent above the comparable figure for the previous year, according to provisional data from the Federal Statistical Office.

Austria: Business climate remains at a very high level

Despite increasing impairments in the supply chain and the shortage of skilled workers, the business climate in the Austrian mechanical and plant engineering sector remains at a very high level. However, there are initial signs of a slowdown in momentum.

Order intake NuV August - Weak month

In August, incoming orders in the food processing and packaging machinery sector were 1 percent higher than in the same month last year. Almost 3 percent more orders were received from abroad, and almost 6 percent less from Germany.

Order intake and sales continue to grow strongly

Saarland's mechanical engineering sector can boast growth in incoming orders of over 33 percent for domestic and 27 percent from abroad and sales growth of 20 percent in August 2021.

WTO procedure on procurement by State-owned enterprises

The EU-Commission initiated in July 2021 the WTO dispute settlement procedure with Russia on procurement for State-owned enterprises. VDMA supports this procedure.

Our international trade fairs - VDMA's process techology pavilions lists

Every year, more than 600 VDMA members supply process technology components and systems to 150 countries around the world. Here you will find the current process technology trade fair lists.

Process engineering: Data sheet external trade of machines

Development of German exports of mechanical engineering/process engineering machinery and apparatus, country shares, most important machinery supplier countries incl. goods shares, EU exports

Curious about the state Hermes cover

Hermes Cover is an instrument of state foreign trade promotion. The range of cover extends along the entire value chain.

Textile and clothing industry

Georgia's clothing industry offers great potential for expansion. Fashion designers are looking for business partners abroad.

Textile and clothing industry

Uzbekistan is developing into an international industry hotspot. The industry is one of the top investment sectors in the manufacturing industry.

September 2021 closes with 2,630 tractor registrations in Germany

In September 2021, the registrations of new tractors in Germany were 6,0 percent under the same month last year.

Help measure globalization!

The statistical offices of the Federal Government and the Länder are currently conducting a voluntary survey on global value chains on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi). The survey takes place in several countries of the European Union and will contribute to a better understanding of globalization. The VDMA hopes for your support.

Construction machinery and building materials plant sectors ride roller coaster

The order intake is shining, but delays in the supply chain as well as a lack of raw materials and rising material prices are leading to delivery problems and uncertainties in the calculation.

Raw materials and intermediate products - shortages in the supply chains

Shortages and rising prices of intermediate products are a well-known phenomenon that is regularly observed in the upswing following a sharp downturn. In 2021, however, this effect is more pronounced than after previous crises.

Economic recovery divided

Order intake grows for the ninth month. The recovery in sales is not yet there.

Dynamics in Germany and Europe

The solar machinery sector is showing a significant increase in incoming orders. A strong increase in sales is expected for 2022. The Covid-19 pandemic is having an impact mainly in noticeable supply-side disruptions.The export market is showing new momentum.

Valves in figures and pictures

The most important key figures of the industry at a glance.

Number of week

With 1.34 million employees, mechanical and plant engineering is the key industry in Germany with the highest employment.

Economic bulletin international

Shortages of components and raw materials have worsened and are partially limiting production growth in the mechanical engineering sector.

Things to know for travellers to Saudi Arabia

Where do Saudi travellers need to register, how does the app work, what to look out for?

Mechanical Engineering NRW: Order intake clearly positive

Incoming orders in North Rhine-Westphalia's mechanical and plant engineering sector in August 2021 were 45 percent up on the same month last year.

New orders in eastern Germany in June 2021

The monthly figures on order intake in the eastern German and all-German mechanical engineering sectors complement our quarterly trend survey.

Significant growth also in August

New orders in Baden-Württemberg's mechanical engineering sector in August 2021

Strong growth on a weak basis

Despite all the supply bottlenecks, the order books in the mechanical engineering industry were continuously filled up strongly in August.

Will the Russian-Belarusian union state come in 2023?

Moscow and Minsk have been negotiating deeper integration for three years. After presidential elections in Belarus in 2020, Russia is fast-tracking the project.

Statistics service: Compact presentation of valve key figures

As an important service, VDMA Armaturen offers member companies regular updates on important industry facts concerning the building and industrial valves industry.

Economic situation Industrial valves: foreign business drives sales

In August, domestic and foreign sales of industrial valves manufacturers were clearly up again for the first time after several months of lull.

Business cycle Building valves: Upward trend also in August

After a somewhat weaker previous month, the domestic and foreign business of German building fittings manufacturers picked up again strongly in August.

Raw material information service non-ferrous metals

Monthly tracking of the market development of valve-relevant raw materials with a focus on non-ferrous metals.

Global chemical economy picks up speed

The VDMA informs its members twice a year about the development of the chemical industry in Brazil, China, France, South Korea, Russia, Turkey, USA and the United Kingdom.

Annual Report Air Handling Technology 2020

The current annual report of the Air Handling Technology Aassociation is available for VDMA members. The Annual Statistical Report 2020 contains detailed production and foreign trade data (import/export) for all branches of Air Handling Technology. It includes figures for the years 2018 to 2020 for Germany.

Asset Publisher

Economic Development & Business Situation
The economic cycle plays a significant role in almost every area of the economy. After all, it plays a key role in determining the well-being of companies and employees. In fact, it is particularly relevant in the mechanical engineering sector. After all, it plays a key role in determining the well-being of companies and employees in the mechanical engineering sector.
Export Topics
The VDMA provides support on the most important export-related issues, such as customs, export financing and export control. We also monitor and accompany developments in global trade policy.
Statistics database
The VDMA statistics database offers all VDMA member companies fast and convenient access to economic information on all aspects of mechanical engineering. The use of the VDMA Order Intake and Sales Statistics Germany is exclusively reserved for those companies that participate in the survey.
Market development
The engineering markets are constantly on the move worldwide. It is difficult to keep track of everything. The VDMA therefore provides information on current developments as well as on interesting events and trade fairs, advises its members and offers a comprehensive network for market entry analyses.
Market observation & information
Comprehensive information on markets is essential for sustainably and successfully conducting foreign trade. A broad collection of data is just as important as the experience gained through on-site activities, which benefits all members thanks to the VDMA's well established network.
International Business Travel
Globalization necessitates travel throughout the life cycle of a machine: Sales, commissioning, assembly and maintenance. For corporate travel management, this poses an organizational challenge: Do I need a visa, and if so, which type? Which documentation is required? Which regulations apply when posting workers within the EU?
Work assignments in Europe
Regarding work assignments in Europe, three completely different topics - "reporting requirements", "social law: A1 certificate" and "labor law: posting of workers directive" - are increasingly moving into the spotlight.

Asset Publisher

To the point

To the point

Auf den Punkt Zitat Markets and Economy

"Material bottlenecks are not unusual in an upswing. But in 2021, the mechanical and plant engineering industry as a whole has historically been severely affected by shortages of raw materials and intermediate products."

Thilo Brodtmann, VDMA Chief Executive Director

Auf den Punkt Zahl Markets and Economy



of companies in the mechanical engineering sector report noticeable or serious disruptions in their supply chains.

Source: VDMA

Auf den Punkt Zusammenfassung Märkte und Konjunktur

EU needs instruments against economic coercion
  • The high importance of machinery exports makes an active foreign trade policy necessary
  • Open export markets are more important than ever
  • Trade policy instruments must be realigned
  • Labour deployment in the EU must be facilitated

VDMA Focus-Topic

VDMA Focus-Topic

Fokus-Themen Teaser

Our topics slider 1

Europe and China

Our topics slider 1


Asset Publisher

Other VDMA Services
11. VDMA Corona flash survey with focus on material bottlenecks
Detailed results of the 11. VDMA flash survey on Corona for the mechanical engineering industry and 15 trade associations
Download: Mechanical engineering in figures and images 2021
Our brochure "Mechanical Engineering in Figures and Pictures 2021" provides a comprehensive overview of all major figures and statistics relating to the mechanical engineering industry.


Economic bulletin international
Our monthly bulletin provides periodic updates on economic trends in the international mechanical engineering sector.


Foreign Investments
Here you will find our current overview of the investment plans and budgets of German companies abroad


Germany Economic Bulletin
Data on the economic situation of the German mechanical and plant engineering industry in the current economic context


Germany Foreign Trade in Machinery
Our overview of the EU countries' foreign trade in machinery, broken down into intra and extra trade


Germany Incoming orders
The monthly figures for incoming orders in the German mechanical engineering industry
Database of technical regulations
The VDMA Specifications reflect the technical specifications of the German mechanical engineering industry. The directory contains all VDMA Specifications that are currently valid and in preparation.
VDMA Foreign offices
Here you will find links and further information on the VDMA liaison offices located in particularly important foreign markets
Trade fair calendar and database
All trade fairs and dates at a glance: Download our trade fair database and the current trade fair calendar for 2021 here.


Markets & Economy Committee
Ausschuss Außenwirtschaft

The Foreign Trade Committee exchanges views on professional issues and tasks relating to exports. The members represent a cross-section of the mechanical engineering industry. They are part of the company's management or play a key role in exports. The Foreign Trade Committee mainly deals with market strategies for individual countries and regions as well as export issues such as trade policy and foreign trade policy.




Rainer Hundsdörfer

Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG


Ackermann, Ulrich

Markets & Economy Committee
Ausschuss Gesamtwirtschaftliche Fragen

The regular, practical assessment of the international economic situation of the mechanical engineering industry in the committee is an indispensable contribution to the VDMA's economic analysis, including short-term forecasts. In addition, the committee members support the VDMA's economic policy commitment by interpreting and discussing the content of economic developments and interrelationships in a political context.



Bodo Finger

Maschinenfabrik Mönninghoff


Wiechers, Ralph Dr.

Asset Publisher

Partners of the VDMA

Institut für Weltwirtschaft Kiel
German Economic Institute
Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
gtai - Germany Trade & Invest

Level 2 Minimal Contact Display

Your contact person



Benefits for you as a member

Largest industry network in Europe

Around 3,300 primarily medium-sized member companies in the capital goods industry make the VDMA the largest industrial association in Europe and the most important network organization in the industry.

Strong representation of interests

The VDMA is the most important voice of the mechanical and plant engineering industry. It represents the common economic, technical and scientific interests of the industry in Germany and around the world.

A wide range of services

More than 500 VDMA employees worldwide support you with practical services to make the right decisions in your company - along the entire value chain.