Expertenthemenbeschreibung Corona

Corona virus

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The Corona pandemic poses numerous challenges for companies' day-to-day operations. Our service portal provides VDMA members with country and travel advice, information on legal and insurance issues, and helpful links to other organizations.



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News from politics

News from politics
EU recovery plan gets the reform incentives right

According to the EU-Commission, it is working as planned: The 750 billion Euro aid package "NextGenerationEU", which is supposed to mitigate the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic. What is new is that "RepowerEU" is also to receive funds from this budget.

Short-time work no longer needs special rules!

During the Corona crisis, short-time work once again proved itself to be an important instrument for securing jobs for employees and proven employees for companies.

Lockdowns in China leave deep traces

The Corona-related lockdowns and restrictions in China are leaving deep scars on local machinery and plant manufacturers. Only a minority of companies currently anticipate an improvement in the business situation in the coming six months.

Planned Corona tax aids fall short in key respects

The planned tax aid measures to further deal with the Corona crisis are a step in the right direction. However, the period for carrying out a loss carryback should be extended to five years and declining balance depreciation should be implemented permanently.

Extend loss carryback to five years!

The fourth Corona Tax Relief Act is intended to bring about a permanent extension of the loss carryback and an extension of declining balance depreciation. The coalition is rightly continuing important aid measures, but they are not ambitious enough.

Politicians unilaterally pass on corona protection to companies

The revised Corona Occupational Health and Safety Ordinance largely relieves employees of their personal responsibility in the future. Companies, on the other hand, will continue to have measures in place that they will also have to pay for. This does not add up.

Extension of the COVID certificate urgently needed

The EU-Commission has proposed to extend the validity of the COVID certificate until 30 June 2023 to ensure unhindered travel within the EU.

A climate-neutral future will only be possible with technical progress

The mechanical engineering sector in Germany has performed very well in a difficult year 2021 and is entering the coming months with plenty of confidence despite the Corona pandemic.
See also our video .

Corona is the first test

A clever interplay between politics and business will determine how well the new "traffic light"-coalition masters the challenges ahead. The industrial middle class is ready to contribute its efficiency.

Minister Spahn acts contradictory and indecisive

Only in a few sectors will there be an obligation for employees to inform their employers about their vaccination status. However, as long as there is no obligation to provide information, companies will be deprived of an important prerequisite for effectively reducing the risk of infection in the workplace.

Also thinking about mandatory testing for employees!

Employers and employees must do everything to reduce the risk of infection in companies to zero. This includes at least an obligation to inform employees whether they have been vaccinated or not.

Politics must get out of crisis mode

Short-time work is declining, employment is rising, the economy has picked up speed. Time to reconsider lump-sum state Corona aid for companies and employees.

Chile - Entry only with vaccination and Pase de Mobilitdad

As of February 1, 2022, Chile further flexibilizes entry for foreigners. A new immigration law does not change anything for assemblers.

Focus on open markets and global partnerships

The EU Commission is drawing its lessons from the Corona pandemic. From the VDMA's point of view, it is clear that only open markets and global partnerships contribute to economic recovery.

Further develop the rules of the internal market

The uncoordinated border closures during the Corona pandemic have shown that the internal market is not crisis-proof. It must be strengthened, which is why a new Schengen strategy is the right thing to do. Member States must seek European solutions.

Involve company doctors in vaccination campaign in a timely manner

The federal government has announced that it will involve company doctors in the vaccination strategy at the beginning of June. In order for the campaign against the Corona virus to gain further momentum, the promise must be implemented.

A European green certificate gets Europe moving again

The EU should quickly agree on a single European vaccination passport and introduce the Digital Green Certificate across Europe. This would greatly facilitate the posting of workers within the EU.

Involve company doctors in vaccination campaign in a timely manner

Company doctors must be provided with sufficient vaccine from the outset.

And afterwards? Germany as a business location after the Corona crisis

The Corona crisis tempts to "short-sightedness": What are the daily case numbers and what is the status of the vaccination progress? However, it is also important to look ahead and ask how Germany is positioning itself as a business location and how it must transform itself. The VDMA is actively involved in this dialogue with politicians.

"Mechanical engineering industry can handle mandatory test offer"

The mandatory offering of self-tests in companies is manageable for machine and plant manufacturers. The VDMA now expects the public authorities to ensure that the vaccination campaign in Germany continues to gain momentum and is organized efficiently.



China and Corona: The strict and unpredictable Chinese travel restrictions have numerous consequences, both for machinery manufacturers and for their Chinese customers. VDMA member companies describe the current problems on the VDMA microsite "China and Corona" and call for rapid changes to the quarantine regulations.
Die strengen und unberechenbaren chinesischen Reiserestriktionen haben zahlreiche Folgen, sowohl für die Maschinenbauer als auch für ihre chinesischen Kunden. VDMA-Mitgliedsfirmen beschreiben auf der VDMA-Microsite "China und Corona" die aktuellen Probleme und fordern rasche Änderungen der Quarantänebestimmungen.

Business topics

Business topics
SARS-CoV-2 Occupational Health and Safety Regulation: new FAQs from the BMAS

The German Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (BMAS) recently published and updated FAQs on the new SARS-CoV-2 Occupational Health and Safety Regulation.

Current directives of the Federal Employment Agency

In September 2022 it was decided to extend individual special regulations for the receipt of short-time allowance.

Short-time work: special regulations extended once again

On 14 September 2022 the German Cabinet approved the ordinance amending the short-time work allowance access ordinance.

Corona: New SARS-CoV-2 occupational health and safety regulation

In its cabinet meeting on 31.08.22, the Federal Cabinet approved a significantly weakened draft of a new SARS-CoV-2 Occupational Health and Safety Ordinance.

Corona: No obligation for home office

Even with the new version of the SARS-CoV-2 occupational health and safety regulation, which comes into force on 01.10.2022, there will be no obligation to offer home office.

New Corona occupational health and safety ordinance is unnecessary

From October 2022, the BMAS wants to reintroduce mandatory requirements for infection control in companies. However, the VDMA considers the move to be superfluous.

Exclusion from company party due to 2G+ -rule

Only those who met the 2G+ criteria were allowed to attend the summer party for employees of a clinic. The LAG Berlin did not object to this regulation.

BAG on quarantine regulations established by the employer

Employers may not disproportionately tighten quarantine rules.

Continuation of pay when traveling to high-risk area?

Travel to a high-risk area with a lower incidence than in Germany does not result in self-inflicted incapacity to work.

Employer's liability for Corona infections

Two labor court rulings clearly show when employers can be liable in connection with Corona infections of employees.

Reasons for termination in connection with 3G regulation

Can a falsified certificate of recovery or an invalid test certificate constitute grounds for termination of employment?

BAG on the obligation to test corona in the company

Employers may order corona tests for employees in the workplace

Notes on occupational infection control

The German Federal Ministry of Labor (BMAS) has now published an updated FAQ catalog following the expiration of the SARS-CoV-2 occupational health and safety regulation and rule on May 25, 2022.

SARS-CoV-2 occupational health and safety regulation expires

The German Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (BMAS) has announced that the SARS-CoV-2 Occupational Health and Safety Regulation will not be renewed.

No quarantine compensation without "booster"

The provision of Section 56 (1) of the Infection Protection Act (IfSG) makes the granting of compensation for periods of quarantine dependent on vaccination status.

No adjustment to SARS-CoV-2 occupational safety and health rule

The revision of the SARS-CoV-2 occupational health and safety rule continues to be a long time coming. The responsible work group of the Workplace Committee will not discuss this again until May 11, 2022.

Presentation of a forged vaccination certificate

How can employers react to the presentation of a forged vaccination card? Give a warning or immediately terminate the employment? The ArbG Düsseldorf has ruled on a corresponding case.

Crediting of quarantine periods against leave

Since a change in the law (§ 59 IfSG n.F.), periods of quarantine ordered by the authorities are to be counted towards vacation. Dealing with old cases is controversial: An overview

Termination due to lack of corona vaccination

An employer may introduce a "2G model" and terminate employees who do not have a Corona vaccination even before the start of the contract.

Rights of recovered and vaccinated persons

Berlin Administrative Court considers one-time vaccination with Johnson sufficient and shortening of convalescent status to 90 days unlawful.

3G: Renewed changes in the proof of convalescence

In its new technical guidelines, the RKI has removed the shortening of the duration on the convalescent status for vaccinated persons.

Short-time work: extension of special regulations planned

On 9 February 2022, the Federal Cabinet adopted a formulation aid for the coalition factions on the extension of the special regulations when drawing short-time allowance.

Shortening of convalescent status unconstitutional

Osnabrück Administrative Court finds shortening of convalescent status to 90 days unconstitutional

Technical directives of the Federal Employment Agency

Against the background of the recently extended short-time allowance regulations and other open questions, the Federal Employment Agency has published the following technical directives on short-time allowance:

New requirements and consequences for operational practice

On January 14, the Bundesrat (upper house of the German parliament) approved the ordinance passed by the federal cabinet to amend the Covid 19 protective measures exemption ordinance and the coronavirus entry ordinance.

Supreme Court confirms adjustment of rent due to lockdown

A Lockdown may justify rent adjustment due to the German frustration doctrine. Each case is subject to an individual reasonableness test. There is, however, no defect in the rental object.

Without test no work and no money

Anyone who refuses regular corona tests contrary to a hygiene concept does not have to be employed or remunerated.

On the scope of a "mask exemption certificate"

The submission of a "mask exemption certificate" neither excludes the right to direct nor does this give rise to a claim for transfer.

Immediate dismissal for refusal to take test ineffective

Termination for refusal to participate in company corona tests without prior warning is invalid

Short-time work: increase also extended

On 10 December 2021 the Bundestag and the Bundesrat decided on the continuation of the increased benefit rates.

Corona duty of disclosure is overdue

It is right and overdue that the policy now meets the demand for mandatory information on the vaccination status of employees. The initiative comes late, hopefully not too late.

No wage entitlement in the event of a lockdown

Persons with a mini-job are not entitled to continued payment of wages in the event of official plant closures due to the pandemic

Quarantine: No compensation for the unvaccinated

Several federal states already make the granting of compensation dependent on the vaccination status of the employee. Now a uniform practice of the authorities has been agreed upon.

Quarantine: vaccination as a condition of compensation

Several states want to make the award of compensation during a quarantine conditional on the worker's vaccination status.

§ 616 BGB not applicable in case of fifteen-day quarantine

The question repeatedly arises as to how § 616 BGB is to be applied in the case of compensation for loss of earnings pursuant to § 56 IfSG as a result of quarantines ordered by the authorities.

Home office not a less severe means of dismissal with notice of change of employment

Home office is now in principle not a milder means in comparison to a notice of termination due to a change in the employment relationship

Holiday enjoyment despite quarantine

Those who are in corona-related quarantine during their vacation do not get their vacation back without further ado.

Quarantine does not exclude continued payment of remuneration

A quarantine ordered in the Corona pandemic does not preclude continued payment of wages by the employer in the event of illness.

Corona: New requirements as of 01 July 2021

On 23 June 2021, the Federal Cabinet adopted the new version of the Corona - Occupational Health and Safety Ordinance - with effect from 1 July 2021.

Sharing of costs in case of cancellation of hotel rooms due to pandemic

The Higher Regional Court of Cologne (Case No.: 1 U 9/21) has ruled that a cancellation of hotel rooms booked before the outbreak of the pandemic justifies a 50/50 split of the booking costs.

Vaccination by company doctors

From 07 June 2021, company doctors will also be involved in the decentralised COVID-19 vaccination campaign.

Cancellation of trade fair also a case of force majeure without official order

The Regional Court of Cologne has ruled that the cancellation of a trade fair scheduled for March 2020 at the end of February 2020 was not culpably in breach of duty - despite the absence of an official order at the time.

Modernisation of partnership law imminent

Following publication of the government draft on 20.01.2021, the biggest reform of partnership law in over 100 years could be implemented before the end of this legislative period.

Insolvency filing obligation probably only suspended until 30.04.2021

As things stand at present, the temporary suspension of the obligation to file for insolvency granted by the legislator under certain conditions will probably expire on 30 April 2021.

Short-time work zero reduces holiday entitlement

According to the LAG Düsseldorf, no vacation entitlements accrue during short-time work zero due to the lack of a duty to work.

Compensation risk in the event of employer quarantine orders

A quarantine order by the employer without an official obligation does not lead to the loss of the obligation to continue to pay wages

Employers must continue to offer home office

On January 19, 2021, further tightening was passed to supplement or amend existing measures to contain the Corona pandemic.

"No way, you can't come in here without a Corona test".

On the question of whether the employer may demand a negative Corona test for entry to the company, there is a first decision which in this respect proves the employer right.

Bridging assistance III - more mechanical engineering companies can benefit

The bridging aid has been improved and expanded once again from January 2021 and now also offers more mechanical engineering companies the opportunity to use and help with financing. Bridging aid is a grant towards fixed costs that does not have to be repaid. The Corona assistance funding period covers November 2020 to June 2021, and the maximum monthly funding amount for all companies is now up to €1.5m.

Corona: Possibility of sick leave by telephone extended

On December 3, 2020, the Federal Joint Committee (G-BA) extended its special regulation for determining incapacity for work until March 31, 2021.

Introduction of short-time work by notice of termination without notice

Companies may unilaterally order short-time work if necessary, even by giving notice of termination without notice, e.g. in order to avert the threat of insolvency.

Employers must offer home office wherever possible

Against the backdrop of the still rising infection figures, the Federal Government and the Länder decided on 19 January 2021 to introduce further tightening measures to contain the Corona pandemic.

Mask obligation for city hall coworkers legally

The employer is entitled to order the wearing of a mask covering the mouth and nose during working hours.

Experiences of producing in a pandemic

The VDMA has compiled advice and experience from various companies in the mechanical and plant engineering sector on how to maintain production despite a pandemic.

Results flash survey personnel

Short-time work, home office, sick leave and the opportunities of the crisis. Here you can read an overview of the assessments of the HR managers in our industry. In the download you will find the complete presentation of the results.

Notes on "force majeure" - 5th edition available

The VDMA Legal Department has updated its notes on the factual and legal situation in connection with COVID 19. The fifth edition of the leaflet, dated 13.01.2021, is now available.

Procurement law in times of Covid-19

In the opinion of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi), the conditions for urgent awards for the purchase of services are met.

Corona pandemic: Exclusive information for VDMA members

Checklists, information on legal and insurance aspects, and contacts at VDMA.

Information about countries and travelling

Information about countries and travelling
Checklist "Travel restrictions for work assignments by Corona worldwide".

Optimally informed - travel restrictions and national measures during work assignments by Corona

Entry and quarantine in Germany

The Corona-related restrictions on entry into Germany from third countries will cease to apply until further notice. The Corona virus entry regulation only applies to virus variant areas.

China harms industrial SMEs - and itself - with travel restrictions

There is growing anger in the mechanical engineering industry about the strict and unpredictable Chinese entry restrictions. Many VDMA members are complaining about harassing conditions, which are also to the detriment of Chinese customers. They are demanding that the quarantine requirement for vaccinated persons be lifted.

VDMA member companies: "China makes commissioning and service impossible".

The strict and unpredictable Chinese travel restrictions have numerous consequences, both for machine builders and their Chinese customers. VDMA member companies describe the current problems and call for rapid changes to the quarantine regulations.

Entry to Uzbekistan possible again without quarantine

The Uzbek government has lifted the quarantine obligation for countries from Omikron - risk areas again.

Restoration of transatlantic travel will power business

With the removal of US entry restrictions, business travel between Europe and the US is returning to normal mode. However, the entry status for convalescents is not explicitly regulated. There is an urgent need for clarity here.

Kenya - Entry facilitation for vaccinated persons

Entry into Kenya is possible with a valid proof of vaccination, which can be presented instead of a negative PCR test.

US entry restrictions to be dropped

The US government is planning to lift entry restrictions in the USA for travellers from Schengen countries. The VDMA has been calling for this measure for some time and has repeatedly pressed for it in political talks. It is good that there is now movement in the matter.

Chile - Entry only with vaccination and Pase de Mobilitdad

As of February 1, 2022, Chile further flexibilizes entry for foreigners. A new immigration law does not change anything for assemblers.

Entry and quarantine in Belarus

Entry for distribution and assembly also possible without quarantine.

A European green certificate gets Europe moving again

The EU should quickly agree on a single European vaccination passport and introduce the Digital Green Certificate across Europe. This would greatly facilitate the posting of workers within the EU.

Event programme

The VDMA offers events on current foreign trade topics, on the web and live on site.

"China must offer solutions for the entry of specialist staff!"

Since the beginning of the year, the People's Republic of China has tightened the entry requirements for foreign specialist staff to such an extent that it is hardly possible for SMEs to comply. As a result, many machines and systems cannot be installed or maintained. The VDMA is calling for pragmatic solutions.

The USA opens the borders for vaccinated Travelers

United States opens borders to all fully vaccinated travelers; NIE Waivers are now invalid

South Korea lifts all travel restrictions as of Oct. 1, 2022

Additional PCR test after entry eliminated.

Russia: Travel situation and local measures

Entry into Russia is becoming possible for more and more EU citizens.

Corona crisis in Kazakhstan: entry and local measures

Step towards normality: Entry to Kazakhstan possible again without visa. The 7-day quarantine for travelers from Germany has been abolished.

India: Further facilitation of entry implemented

Fully vaccinated exempt from submission of PCR test.

China updates testing requirements for entry and transit

Shortened quarantine period introduced

"Demands for border closures must stop"

The increasingly resurgent calls for border closures within the EU must be buried as a matter of urgency. Border closures in the internal market would have unforeseeable consequences.

Colombia - Information on the current Corona situation

Air travel to Colombia is slowly resuming (as of 16.06.2021).

Brazil - Vaccination protection important for entry

Life has returned to normal in Brazil. Entry is possible with vaccination protection, convalescent status is not recognized.

Israel - Entry decleration still necessary

Israel has lifted all corona-related restriction. However, trips to Israel need to be registered before departure. (Status 30.06.2022)

Ukraine: Green light for entry from Germany

Since the beginning of June, entry into Ukraine is generally possible again. All entrants require an appropriate negative test or proof of vaccination.

Egypt without Corona related entry regulations

It is possible to send employees to Egypt. (as of 27.06.2022)

United Arab Emirates - Entry possible

Foreign travellers seeking a short-term stay in the United Arab Emirates (e.g. tourists or business people) may enter the country, provided they meet the general entry requirements (as of 28.04.2021).

The Commission's tourism package is the first step towards a new normality

The EU-Commission published on 13 May 2020 a so-called tourism and transport package. One aim is to help the EU Member States in gradually lifting the travel restrictions imposed to combat the COVID-19 outbreak.

Japan to lift travel restrictions on October 11, 2022

Visa procedures suspended for 68 countries

VDMA State Associations

VDMA State Associations
16th snap survey: Energy price crisis and material bottlenecks weigh on NRW mechanical engineering sector

Companies in the mechanical and plant engineering sector in North Rhine-Westphalia are coming under increasing pressure from the current problems in supply chains and energy supply.

13th snap poll: Ukraine war casts shadow over development of NRW mechanical engineering sector

The VDMA's 13th flash survey shows that the existing problems in the supply chains of NRW's mechanical and plant engineering sector are being exacerbated by the effects of the Ukraine war.

Flash surveys: Developments in the NRW mechanical engineering sector

Against the background of various influencing factors, such as the Corona pandemic, the VDMA conducts flash surveys. Here you will find the NRW evaluations of the individual surveys.

Administrative burden for companies

The Infection Protection Act with the 3G proof obligation at the workplace presents the mechanical and plant engineering industry with an additional administrative burden that will not decrease in the near future.

12th flash survey: Mechanical engineering in North Rhine-Westphalia stable despite Corona

The effects of the Corona pandemic continue to be a companion for North Rhine-Westphalia's mechanical and plant engineering sector - as shown by the VDMA's 12th flash survey.

Operational solutions for 3G at the workplace

Since the end of November 2021, 3G is mandatory in the workplace. What is supposed to have a positive effect on the development of the pandemic poses major challenges for practitioners in companies.

Confidence in Bavaria returns

Bavaria's mechanical and plant engineering sector expects to make up, at least in part, for the severe economic setback suffered by Corona in the current year.

9th snapshot survey: NRW mechanical engineering sees light on the horizon

The 9th VDMA flash survey shows that the effects of the corona pandemic for the mechanical and plant engineering industry in NRW are not as serious as feared. Nevertheless, there is still a rocky road ahead.

8. flash survey: NRW-Maschinenbau: Reality dampens hope

The state-specific NRW results of the VDMA's 8th "Blitz" survey show that - contrary to initial hopes - the economic recovery is still some way off.

Coronavirus: Information for the Saarland economy

The Saarland state government is expanding its package of measures to help Saarland companies in the Corona crisis.

Coronavirus - Support for companies in Hesse

All information specific to the state of Hesse has been compiled on a single Internet site for all departments. Among other things, all ordinances and general ordinances on combating the corona virus are available here at a glance and as downloads.

7. Blitz survey: First positive signals for 2021

The 7th VDMA flash survey shows that the majority of mechanical engineering companies in North Rhine-Westphalia expect the situation to improve in 2021 after a disappointing year in 2020.

The MWVLW Rhineland-Palatinate informs: Support of enterprises in coping with the Corona crisis

The worldwide spread of the corona virus (2019-nCoV) also leads to numerous questions for companies. The Ministry of Economics, Transport, Agriculture and Viticulture publishes important information and contact persons for affected companies.

6th survey: NRW-Maschinenbau - Slight relaxation

According to the VDMA's 6th flash survey, the vast majority of NRW machine builders (more than 80 percent) are confident of returning to the nominal sales level of 2019 by 2022.

5th survey: Effects of the Corona Pandemic are increasing

According to the VDMA's 5th flash survey, almost all of the North Rhine-Westphalian mechanical and plant engineering companies surveyed see their operations impaired.

Ten impulses for NRW

Over the past few weeks, the Executive Board of the North Rhine-Westphalia Regional Association has held intensive discussions on the impact of the Corona crisis on the mechanical and plant engineering sector.

Corona crisis: VDMA East puts pressure on politics

Exclusive advisory talks and information, web meetings, an intensive exchange with politicians and publicity campaigns: Even in times of crisis, the VDMA is there for its members.

3. flash survey Coronavirus - Results for NRW for the first time

83 percent of the mechanical engineering companies in North Rhine-Westphalia have already taken measures to adjust capacity.

Ministries have established central contact point

The "Procurement" task force of the NRW ministries coordinates inquiries and offers via central mail address.

Corona crisis: support for companies in the Free State of Bavaria

For your information and convenience, we have compiled an overview and the corresponding contact details and web addresses below. We hope that this will help you in your work. If you have any questions or general queries or concerns during this difficult period, please do not hesitate to contact us.

VDMA topics

VDMA topics
Covid-19 Legal Consequences
The Covid 19 pandemic presents an exceptional situation for companies and employees as well as for suppliers and customers. Many legal questions still need to be answered, e.g. regarding the areas of labor law, contract law, and tax law. In addition, there are numerous legal requirements for travel activities and various quarantine regulations.
Home Office
For many employees, working in a home office is a completely new situation that has caught them very unprepared due to the pandemic. This raises a host of practical and legal issues.
Labor law
Whether it be short-time work, service contracts, working shifts or home office, the parameters for modern work and flexible crisis measures are changing continuously.
Labor Market
Competitiveness, growth and job security require adaptability, value creation based on the division of labour and a flexible labour market. Digitalisation requires modern framework conditions for Work 4.0.


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Further VDMA Services
14. VDMA Corona flash survey
Detailed results of the 14. VDMA flash survey on Corona for the mechanical engineering industry and 14 trade associations
Flash survey: hiring demand and recruiting in times of Corona
Is the job market for young people changing as a result of the pandemic? Will young people have to fear for their opportunities? The VDMA wanted to find out more, precisely for the mechanical and plant engineering sector, and surveyed its members.
Market and business cycle information
Access to an extensive statistics data base, forecasts, country reports and much more will help you manage your business activities.
Do you have individual questions or need professional advice? Our experts will be happy to advise you in person, by telephone or at your premises.
VDMA Foreign offices
Here you will find links and further information on the VDMA liaison offices located in particularly important foreign markets
Political representation of interests
We represent the issues of mechanical engineering in Germany and Europe on your behalf. Our technical expertise, our knowledge of the industry, and our straightforward positioning makes us a recognized and valued contact for companies, as well as for the public, science, administration, and politics.

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